How are Brain Tumors treated? Pituitary tumors are abnormal growths found in the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland is located in the center of the brain and is about the size of a dime. The pituitary gland, often referred to as the “master gland,” is responsible for producing growth hormones and controlling many important functions of the body.
Types of pituitary tumors
Most pituitary tumors are non-cancerous, slow growing, and do not spread to other parts of the body. Pituitary tumors that are less than 1 cm in size are called microedenomas, while larger tumors are called macroedenomas. Tumors that secrete hormones can cause serious hormone imbalances that affect a variety of bodily functions. If the tumor is large enough, it can press on other structures in the brain causing severe vision problems.
Symptoms of pituitary tumors
Symptoms of a pituitary tumor are often similar to other conditions and can include:
Anyone experiencing three or more of these symptoms should undergo further testing that includes hormone testing of the blood and urine and diagnostic imaging such as a MRI. Vision testing may also be necessary.
Most pituitary tumors are curable. In many cases if the tumor is small and not secreting any hormones, observation and regular MRIs are all that are necessary to see if the tumor changes over time. If surgery is necessary, there are two main techniques:
Radiation can also be used for pituitary tumors, particularly those that return after surgery. In other cases, medications may be used to block the pituitary gland from producing too many hormones.
We firmly believe that Pituitary Tumor treatment should always be under the guidance and supervision of a Neurosurgeon.
LastUpdate: 2017-11-11 22:34:22