(732) 677-3733 NJ
(215) 999-1221 PA
 
 
 
(732) 677-3733 NJ
(215) 999-1221 PA
 
 

Pituitary Gland - The Body's Master Gland

Matthew Tormenti MD, FAANSBy Matthew Tormenti, M.D., FAANS

Although it is only the size of a pea, the pituitary gland is a remarkably important part of the endocrine system in humans. Indeed, many diseases and conditions can be traced back to a malfunctioning or otherwise compromised pituitary gland. We know that the pituitary gland secretes or releases a variety of different hormones that help manage your body’s systems and functions.

 Sometimes referred to as the "master gland" because its hormones control other parts of the endocrine system including the thyroid, adrenal, and ovaries, the pituitary gland is actually signaled into action by the hypothalamus.

In fact the pituitary and the hypothalamus are connected by the “pituitary stalk” (infundibulum), and their function is closely intertwined. An example of the role of the pituitary can be found in its production and release of TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone). TSH stimulates the thyroid gland to produce its own hormones. The pituitary gland protrudes from the bottom of the hypothalamus at the base of the brain. Its importance is suggested by the fact that it rests in a small, bony cavity, which is covered by a dural fold.

There are technically three lobes in the pituitary gland, however in humans the intermediate lobe is only a few layers thick and indistinct. It is usually considered to be a part of the anterior pituitary. Accordingly, you will almost always hear the parts of the gland referred to as the posterior (rear, or back), and anterior (front) lobes.

In neurosurgery, we are most often concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of pituitary tumors and/or pituitary adenomas and microadenomas. Pituitary tumors and adenomas are the most common pituitary disorder, however they are in most cases not life-threatening.

Symptoms of pituitary problems may include:

  • tiredness
  • headaches
  • vomiting
  • dizziness
  • vision problems
  • nausea
  • menstrual or breast changes
  • unexplained hair growth or loss

The pituitary gland plays an important role in regulation of body processes including:

  • Growth
  • Blood Pressure
  • Pregnancy and Childbirth
  • Breast Milk Production
  • Sexual Organ Function
  • Thyroid Gland Function
  • Metabolism
  • Body Temperature
  • Pain Relief

DVBSS offers expert diagnosis and treatment of pituitary adenomas. Dr. Tormenti has advanced training in the treatment of pituitary adenomas. If you are seeking treatment, please contact one of our campuses for further information.

Search Site

 
 

Langhorne-Francis
1205 Langhorne-Newtown Road
Suite 210
Langhorne, PA 19047  

Freehold B
77-55 Schanck Road
Suite B-11
Freehold, NJ 07728

Iselin
740 Route 1N
Iselin, NJ 08830
 
 

New Brunswick
78 Easton Avenue
First Floor
New Brunswick, NJ 08901

Lower Bucks
501 Bath Avenue
Suite 211
Bristol, PA 190007

Oakhurst
1912 Route 35
Suite 101
Oakhurst, NJ 07755

Brick
5 Princeton Avenue
Brick, NJ 08724

Iselin
740 Route 1N
Iselin, NJ 08830
 
 

Langhorne-Francis
1205 Langhorne-Newtown Road
Suite 210
Langhorne, PA 19047

New Brunswick
78 Easton Avenue
First Floor
New Brunswick, NJ 08901

Oakhurst
1912 Route 35
Suite 101
Oakhurst, NJ 07755

Lower Bucks
501 Bath Avenue
Suite 211
Bristol, PA 190007

Freehold B
77-55 Schanck Road
Suite B-11
Freehold, NJ 07728

Iselin
740 Route 1N
Iselin, NJ 08830

Brick
5 Princeton Avenue
Brick, NJ 08724


By using this site, you acknowledge that you have read and agreed to the terms of our User Agreement. The information provided here is not intended to replace the medical advice of your doctor or health care provider.
© Delaware Valley Brain, Spine and Sports Medicine

  • top
 

LastUpdate: 2017-03-31 08:31:17